Open access
Peer reviewed journal

Actual Gynecology
and Obstetrics


Sterilization as a form of permanent contraception (medical and legal circumstances of its use in the past and present) - article in Slovak
Andrea Erdősová, Zuzana Ballová, Petra Gašparová, Erik Dosedla
Actual Gyn 2023, 15, 61-68
Publication date: 2023-08-25
Manuscript ID: 1523010
Počet zobrazení: 1688

Since sterility is medical term associated with unwanted infertility-inability to conceive or carry a viable fetus, the term "sterilization" refers rather to involuntary measures to prevent reproduction. In particular, history connects sterilizations with periods when access to them was based on segregation, as evidenced by several documents as well as court jurisprudence. In many cases, their performance was associated with their involuntary submission by women who were either not sufficiently informed or were forced to do so under pressure from doctors or social circumstances. Currently, sterilization is mainly a method of permanent contraception, but some problematic issues related to sterilizations are not clearly defined by the legislation.

Key words: permanent contraception, informed consent, reproduction, irreversibility, Charta 77, ECHR, forced sterilizations