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In the nineties we experienced a massive development of laparoscopic surgery. Gynecologists were the first who paved the way. The method was simultaneously developed in three countries - the United States, France and Germany. From the United States the vaginal laparoscopically assisted procedures have came to Europe. The French and German schools were based on the historical knowledge of the Schauta radical hysterectomy. In 1989 Reich was the first who operated the LAVH, followed by Querleu in 1992 with lymphadenectomy and Dargeant who combined the Schauta procedure with the laparoscopic lymph node dissection. It was the laparoscopy that taught us the proper functional anatomy. A new nomenclature of the parametries was defined. Careful attention is given to the preservation of the autonomous inervation. In the beginning all laparoscopic surgeons were self-taught. Nowadays a standardized laparoscopic techniques are implemented for a radical laparoscopic operations.
The safety of this method is enhanced by using advanced technologies like 3D imaging, high frequence bipolar tools, safety trocars.
More often the vaginal approach is being abandoned and the whole operation is performed laparoscopically. A generally accepted term for this operation is TRLH which stands for Total Radical Laparoscopic Hysterectomy. We will systematically describe the anatomical aspects of the dissection technique regarding the save preparation of the ureters and the bladder. The technical equipment will be mentioned as well as the use of monopolar and bipolar tools. Postoperative care, possible complications and pitfalls of this operation will be discussed at the end.