Uterine fibroids are the most common tumors of the uterus in premenopausal women. Despite being asymptomatic in the majority of cases, uterine fibroids may cause abnormal vaginal bleeding, pain, dyspareunia, pregnancy losses and infertility. The treatment options include pharmacological, surgical and radiological treatment as well as myolysis or focused ultrasound treatment. The therapeutic modality selection should be strictly individualized based on the reproductive plans of the patient, desire to preserve the uterus and the presence and severity of the symptoms. The ideal treatment should thus be minimally invasive, safe, fertility-sparing, with long term effect and with a low risk of recurrence.